Can users of waterpipes be helped to quit through smoking cessation interventions?

Waterpike Smoking

Key messages

• Limited evidence showed that behavioral support might be helpful for quitting waterpipe use. 
• There was not enough evidence to evaluate the effect of varenicline, bupropion, or e‐health interventions for quitting waterpipe use.
• In all cases, further studies may change our conclusions. Further large and well‐designed trials on behavioral and pharmacological waterpipe cessation interventions are needed. 
• Given the potential reach and effectiveness of e‐health interventions to help quit waterpipe smoking, trials with large samples and long follow‐up periods are needed. 
• Reporting more details about the behavioral strategies used in study interventions would help identify vital components in waterpipe interventions. 


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